Objectives

Boğaziçi University Department of Industrial Engineering

ERGONOMICS

LABORATORY

OBJECTIVES

The main objective of the lab is to provide support for both research and teaching activities related to ergonomics, safety and methods engineering. 

The education and research capabilities of the laboratory serves both undergraduate and graduate students to augment the undergraduate and graduate degree programs of Industrial Engineering.

In the long run, the lab is expected to be capable for the study of:

· Work-related musculoskeletal disorders

· Occupational and systems safety

· Cognitive ergonomics and engineering

· Human-computer interaction

· Occupational biomechanics / Work Physiology

· Risk assessment methods and intervention effectiveness

· Computer-aided ergonomics design and analysis

· Equipment/tool evaluation and design

· Medical surveillance/statistical analysis

· Expert systems and safety analysis

 

 

THE NEED FOR EDUCATION/TRAINING IN ERGONOMICS AND SAFETY

· The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO, 2005) reported 4.4 million injuries and illnesses in private-sector workplaces in 2003 in the US, and another 585,300 among state and local employees in the 30 states that keep these records.  According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, 2003), 1,315,920 cases of nonfatal, lost time occupational injuries and illnesses occurred to employees in private industry that year. “Each day, an average of 137 individuals die from work-related diseases, and an additional 16 die from injuries on the job.  Every 5 seconds a worker is injured; every 10 s a worker is temporarily or permanently disabled.  In 1994, occupational injuries alone cost $121 billion in the U.S.A. ...” 

· Turkish Labor fatality, injury and illness statistics and its cost to Turkish Economy though is not available in detail as it is in the U.S.A. and the other developed countries, it is a common prediction that the situation is relatively worse in Turkey than it is in the developed countries.

 

· Designing work systems for safety and health to protect the workforce and reduce the associated costs to economy is just one of the several dimensions of ergonomics. The other dimensions include:

· Design for performance (improve productivity and efficiency),

· Design for quality and reliability (e.g., reduce scraps, reworks and errors), 

· Design for usability (improve comfort, understanding, learning, and ease use of products)

· Besides other benefits, the injury and illness statistics and associated costs numbers given above alone show that there is a clear need for engineers to specialize in ergonomics and safety, given that engineers specify and design the systems with which people work.  Engineering, ergonomics and safety are complementary disciplines that are supportive of one another and are inseparably linked. 

· The Ergonomics Program at BU IE department is designed to provide students with an educational and training experience based on this model.